first people to occupy the area now known as
Sydney were Australian Aborigines.
Radiocarbon dating suggests that they lived
in and around Sydney for at least 30,000
years. In an archaeological dig in
Parramatta, Western Sydney, it was found
that the Aboriginals used charcoal, stone
tools and possible ancient campfires. Near
Penrith, a far western suburb of Sydney,
numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found
in Cranebrook Terraces gravel sediments
having dates of 45,000 to 50,000 years BP.
This would mean that there was human
settlement in Sydney earlier than thought.
Prior to the arrival of the British there
were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in the
Sydney area from as many as 29 different
clans. Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to
Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan.
The principal language groups were Darug,
Guringai, and Dharawal. The earliest
Europeans to visit the area noted that the
indigenous people were conducting activities
such as camping and fishing, using trees for
bark and food, collecting shells, and
cooking fish. The area surrounding Port
Jackson (Sydney Harbour) was home to several
Aboriginal tribes. The "Eora people" are the
coastal Aborigines of the Sydney district.
The name Eora simply means "here" or "from
this place", and was used by Local
Aboriginal people to describe to the British
where they came from. The Cadigal band are
the traditional owners of the Sydney CBD
area, and their territory south of Port
Jackson stretches from South Head to